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Literacy at Super Brainy Beans


  • Year 1
  • Year 2
  • Year 3 & 4
  • Year 5 & 6

Year 1

Joining words

Linking words (or joining words) are used to connect your sentence to another sentence to make it longer.

Jack was a small boy from the north of town who liked to spend his time playing with his dinosaurs.

Balloon joining wordsBalloon joining words

Help Max and Molly on their balloon trip by choosing the right joining word to fill the gap.

Balloon joining words
Write the correct joining words in these sentences.
Linking Words
Use these linking words to make your writing more interesting.

Year 2


A noun is an animal, person, place or thing.
It could be an apple, bat, London or Jim.

Matching words

Matching word golfMatching word golf
Help Molly in her golf game by choosing a word that has a similar meaning.
Travelling PronounsTraveling Pronouns
Max and Molly are on their holidays. Help them by choosing or typing the right pronoun to complete these sentences.
Fairy EnglishFairy English
English verbs, nouns etc. game. Click on the fairy holding the sign that contains the correct part of speech.

YearS 3 & 4


A simile is when we say something is like something else.

His fleece is white as snow.

The hedgehog was like a briskly brush.


When we put words together that start with the same sound it is called alliteration.

Sun, sand and surf!

Racing red wins the race.

Sizzling sausage sandwich.


Use pronouns in the place of nouns when you don't want to repeat a noun. Look at this sentence below that just use nouns.

Bob went shopping. Bob brought apples and pears. Then Bob came home and ate the apples and pears.

Noticed how the noun Bob was repeated three times? And apples and pears were repeated? We can change these nouns for pronouns. The sentence now sounds better.

Bob went shopping. He brought apples and pears. Then he came home and ate them.

The pronoun he was used in the place of Bob and the pronoun them was used in the place of apples and pears.

Adverbial phrases

Commas are also used when you have adverbial phrases in a sentences. Let's see what adverbial phrases are.

Write a simple sentence.

I played tennis.

Now add an adverbial phrase to the beginning of the sentence joining it with a comma.

On Saturday, I played tennis.

If you add an adverbial phase to the end of the sentence you do not use a comma.

I played tennis with James and Anna.

Adverbial phrases can also change the sentence completely.

Whilst in my bed, I played tennis.

Years 5 & 6


A noun is an animal, person, place or thing.
It could be an apple, bat, London or Jim.

Common nouns

Common nouns are used for general things.

bridge, house, road

Proper nouns

Proper nouns are used for a particular person, place or thing.

Tower Bridge, White House, Abbey Road

Common and Proper Nouns
Workout which words are proper nouns or common nouns.


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