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Literacy at Super Brainy Beans


  • Pre-School
  • Reception
  • Year 1
  • Year 2
  • Year 3
  • Year 4
  • Year 5
  • Year 6


Early forms of writing

Child writingWriting starts in pre-school children in the form of scribbles and various marks on paper.

Encourage your child to be expressive with their scribbles and give them various things to 'write' on and various things to 'write' with.

Write on:

  • coloured paper
  • tracing paper
  • lining paper
  • sand
  • pavement (with chalk)
  • wipe boards
  • envelopes
  • post it notes
  • notepads

Write with:

  • crayons
  • pencils
  • pens
  • chalk
  • paint
  • sticks (for sand)
  • finger painting

Story telling

Encourage your child to make up stories for you to write down for them. They would love to see their stories on paper and to hear them read back to them.

If your child draws a picture ask them what is happening in the picture and explain the story.

Writing through play

Children will write through play pretending to write letters, shopping lists, menus etc.



Writing through play

Children continue to write through play pretending to write letters, shopping lists, menus etc.

Make available exciting writing materials: different sized paper, different colours, lined, plain, different shaped paper, card, tracing paper, pads, envelopes, post-it notes, books, wallpaper (old), pencils, pens, chalk, crayons and wipe-board.

Write your name

Children at this age should learn to write their own name by forming the letters correctly.

Get your child to practice writing their name by tracing over the letters.

Here we use tracing paper to copy over the letters. If you don't have tracing paper use a light pencil to outline the letters for your child to go over. Have fun by pretending to draw the letters in the air.

Labeling work

Encourage your child to label their drawings or paintings with words. Your child should be able to explain what they have written even if you can't read it. Praise their efforts to encourage them to write more.

Forming letters

See our Handwriting page for worksheets to help your child form letters correctly.

Writing direction

Your child should understand that writing goes from right to left. Point this out when you write their name or a simple sentence. Get your child to tell you a sentence for you to write down.

Story writing

Encourage their imagination for making up stories. Let them tell you a short story for you to write down. They can then draw pictures for their story which you can then read back to them.

Reading stories together will help your child become better writers. See more on this on our Reading page.

Writing with phonics

Your child should start to write sentences using their phonic knowledge. As long as sentences sounds right phonically this is fine at this stage. Learn the phonic sounds on our Phonics page.

Year 1

Planning what to write

Before you write, say out loud what you are going to write. Does your sentence sound right? Once it sounds ok, write it down.

Checking your work

Once you have finished your writing, read it out loud to see if it makes sense. Happy with it? That's great! Think you could change something to make it sound better? Then do it!

For a final check read your work clearly to someone.

Sequencing sentences

To tell a good story you have get get the story in the right order. Use the games and worksheets below to test your sequencing skills.

Captions and SequenceCaptions and Sequence
Listen to the story and then put the story in the correct order.
Snowman Sequence
Put the story of the boy building a snowman in order.

Tips for parents

  • Always say something positive about your child's writing
  • Praise what they have written not how they have written it.
  • Let them know you are focusing on - their ideas not spelling and handwriting.

Greeting cards

Arthur letter helper - Greeting cardsMake your own invitation
Choose an event and create your own invitiation to the event. Use the word bank to help you and print off the invite to give to your friends.
Arthur letter helper - Greeting cardsArthur Letter Helper - Greeting cards
Take a look at the parts of a greetings card, then write your own.

Year 2

Planning what to write

Before you write, say out loud what you are going to write. Does your sentence sound right? Once it sounds ok, write it down.

Checking your work

Once you have finished your writing, read it out loud to see if it makes sense. Happy with it? That's great! Think you could change something to make it sound better? Then do it!

For a final check read your work clearly to someone.

Creating sentences

Kung-Fu SentencesKung-Fu Sentences
Help Max learn Kung Fu by choosing the words in the right order to make a sentence.

Ways to say 'said'

There are many different words you can use instead of 'said'.

Ways to say 'said'
Stop using the word said and try one of these other words.

Story Planning

Every story has a main character(s), a setting and a plot.

Main character(s) - the main person or people in your story.

Setting - Think about when and where your story is taking place.

Plot - This is what happens in your story. There is usually and problem in the story and a solution (how the problem is fixed).

Story order

Every story has a beginning, a middle and an end.

Beginning - This is where we find out who the main characters in the story are. We also describe the setting (when and where) where the story takes place.

Middle - Here we find out the problem.

End - At the end of the story the problem is solved and we find out what happens to the characters of the story. Did they change because of what had happened?

Use your story plan to help you write your story. Write a beginning, a middle and an end.

Story StartersStory Starters
Use this fun, interactive tool to start your creative story. Draw a picture and print off.

Beginning of sentences

To make your writing more interesting you can start your sentences in different ways. Here are some ideas:

After walking for a while, they came across the house.

Out of nowhere a car came round the corner.

At the end of the road was a junction.

Beginning a sentence
Print out a list of various ways to start your sentence to make your stories more interesting.
Writing Ideas
What's happening in this picture of Mr Bean? Write about it.

Writing letters

You can practice writing letters in lots of ways. Some ideas are below:

  • Ask a friend at school to become your pen pal and exchange letters.
  • Invite your friend to come over for tea by writing to them.
  • Except a party invitation by writing a letter.
  • Surprise members of your family by posting them a letter about something you have done recently.
  • Write a letter to a character from a story. For example, a letter of apology from Goldilocks to the Three Bears.

Informal Letters

Informal letters are used when writing to friends and family. This could be a thank you letter for birthday or christmas presents, or you could be writing to tell them some exciting news.

Informal letters
Use this template to practice writing informal letters.
Letter WritingLetter Writing
Learn how to write concise, well worded letters that are set out correctly. Where in the letter should you write your name and address? How should you layout paragraphs? Where does the date go?
Arthur letter helper - LettersArthur Letter Helper
Take a look at the parts of a letter, then write your own.


Choose a postcard to write home about your holiday.
Desert, Icy Lands, Tropical Island, Under Water.
Arthur letter helper - PostcardArthur Letter Helper - Postcard
Take a look at the parts of a postcard, then write your own.

Unordered Lists

Unordered Lists
Create your own Birthday or Christmas list with this print out.


To write good instructions do the following:

Give your instructions a title.
Watering the garden.

Write a list of what is needed:
Watering can, water, plants

Number the instructions as you go:

  1. Fill the watering can up with water.
  2. Carefully pour the water onto the plants near the soil.
  3. Once the watering can is empty, fill it up again.
  4. Continue watering the plants until they are all done.
  • Use bossy words such as press, stir, cut, mix.
  • Use short clear sentences.
  • Use diagrams or pictures.
  • Use time words such as then, next, after.
Writing Instructions
Try writing your own instructions on washing up or making the bed. Then read them out and get someone to do it. Did you get it right?
InstructionsWriting Instructions
Choose from a list of different activities such as making a sandwich, putting up a tent and making a robot.

Year 3

Checking your work

It is important to check through your work and make sure that it makes sense and you have used correct punctuation.

Writing checklist
Use this checklist to mark your work and score it out of 10

Shape Poems

Theme PoemsTheme Poems

Create a poem using a shape. Pick your own shape and think of some words you can use in your poem. Create your poem and print it!

Rhyming DictionaryRhyming Dictionary

Type in the word you want to rhyme and click the Show Rhymes button, and I'll show you a list of words that rhyme with your word.

Year 4


Paragraphs are used when there is:

  • Something new is happening
  • The time changes to a different part of the day or night
  • There is a new speaker
  • There is a change of place

To create a paragraph end your sentence and miss a line. Then start a new line.

Below is an example of paragraphs when something new is happening.

But suddenly silence fell. And there was a gasp.

Mr Potter was still fiddling with the folding doors, so he didn't see what was happening. But Class Three did.

One of the big windows in the classroom slid open all by itself, and something flew in.

It was a man on a magic carpet.

From Mr Majeika by Humphrey Carpenter

Writing emails

Emails are letters or notes that are send through a computer.

Writing emails are similar to writing letters except you do not need a postal address or the date.

To send an email to someone you need their email address. It usually looks something like this:

The date appears automatically at the top of the email.

Emails can be either formal or informal.

Formal emails

Enter a subject. This would be normally be what the email is about.

Begin your formal email with Dear... and end it with Yours sincerely or Yours faithfully.

Informal emails

These can be more 'chatty'. So start with Hi... and end it with Love from or see you soon.

Remember to read through your email before you send it. Once it's gone it is too late to change it.

Arthur letter helper - EmailsArthur Letter Helper - Emails
Take a look at the parts of an e-mail, then write your own.
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